Wednesday, February 26, 2014

The Full Text of President Jonathan’s Centenary Celebration Address

Dear Compatriots,

1. I extend warm greetings and felicitations to all Nigerians as we celebrate our nation’s centenary; a significant milestone in our journey to Nationhood.

2. One hundred years ago, on the 1st of January 1914, the British Colonial authorities amalgamated the Southern and Northern Protectorates, giving birth to the single geo-political entity called Nigeria which has become our home, our hope, and our heritage.

3. I have often expressed the conviction that our amalgamation was not a mistake. While our union may have been inspired by considerations external to our people; I have no doubt that we are destined by God Almighty to live together as one big nation, united in diversity.

4. I consider myself specially privileged to lead our country into its second century of existence. And as I speak with you today, I feel the full weight of our hundred-year history. But what I feel most is not frustration, it is not disillusionment. What I feel is great pride and great hope for a country that is bound to overcome the transient pains of the moment and eventually take its rightful place among the greatest nations on earth.

5. Like every country of the world, we have had our troubles. And we still do. We have fought a civil war. We have seen civil authorities overthrown by the military. We have suffered sectarian violence. And as I speak, a part of our country is still suffering from the brutal assault of terrorists and insurgents.

6. While the occasion of our centenary undoubtedly calls for celebration, it is also a moment to pause and reflect on our journey of the past one hundred years, to take stock of our past and consider the best way forward for our nation.

7. Even as we celebrate our centenary, we must realise that in the context of history, our nation is still in its infancy.

8. We are a nation of the future, not of the past and while we may have travelled for a century, we are not yet at our destination of greatness.

9. The amalgamation of 1914 was only the first step in our national journey. Unification was followed by independence and democracy which have unleashed the enormous potentials of our people and laid the foundation for our nation’s greatness.

10. In challenging times, it is easy to become pessimistic and cynical. But hope, when grounded in realism, enables and inspires progress. Therefore, as we celebrate our first century of nationhood and enter a second, we must not lose sight of all that we have achieved since 1914 in terms of nation-building, development and progress.

11. Today, we salute once again the great heroes of our nation – Herbert Macaulay, Ernest Ikoli, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Sir Ahmadu Bello, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Alvan Ikoku, Chief Harold Dappa-Biriye, Dr. Michael Okpara, Chief Anthony Enahoro, Mallam Aminu Kano, Mokwugo Okoye and Chief Michael Imoudu among others.

12. We must be inspired by our past to overcome the obstacles we face in the present and honour our forebears by realising the promise of a Nigeria that is not only independent but also truly unified, prosperous and admired the world over.

13. The history of Nigeria since independence is the story of a struggle to fulfill our great promise. The discovery of oil in our country in the late 1950s offered new hope of prosperity but we have not always been able to reap the benefits in a fair and equitable way.

14. The situation was not helped by political instability and the frequent suspension of democracy by military coups. During the civil war, the very existence of our country was cast into doubt but through it all, the promise of a Nigeria that is united, free and strong remained in our people’s hearts.

15. Thanks to the efforts of our statesmen and women, and millions of ordinary Nigerians, the union endured and flourished. I would like to specifically commend members of the Armed Forces for their contributions and sacrifices to keep Nigeria one.

16. General Yakubu Gowon had the wisdom and grace to declare that the civil war had seen “no victor, no vanquished” and welcomed, “the dawn of national reconciliation”.

17. It was in this spirit that General Olusegun Obasanjo collected the instruments of surrender at the end of the war and later became the first military ruler in our country to hand over power voluntarily to a democratic government.

18. While the Second Republic did not last, his fine example was later followed by General Abdulsalam Abubakar who paved the way for our current democratic dispensation which has lasted longer than the previous three put together.

19. As we celebrate our centenary, I believe that it is vital that we focus our thoughts on the vast potentials of a unified and progressive Nigeria; and build on the relative stability of the Fourth Republic to achieve accelerated national socio-economic development.

20. I also believe that the future greatness of our country is assured by the favourable tail winds of a resilient population, ecological diversity, rich natural resources and a national consciousness that rises above our differences.

21. We are a unique country. We have been brought together in a union like no other by providence. Our nation has evolved from three regions to thirty six states and a Federal Capital Territory.

22. We have transited from the Parliamentary to a Presidential system of government. We have moved our capital from the coastal city of Lagos to Abuja, at the centre of our country.

23. Today Abuja stands as a monument to our national aspiration for greater unity; it symbolises our dream of a modern nation unhinged from primordial cleavages and designed as a melting pot of our diversity.

24. If, in our first century, we could build a new capital city, we can surely build a newer, stronger, more united and prosperous Nigeria in the next century that will be an authentic African success story.

25. The whole world awaits this African success story. With our sheer size, population, history, resilience, human and natural resources and economic potentials, Nigeria is divinely ordained to lead the African Renaissance.

26. That is why I am confident that in the next 100 years, those who will celebrate Nigeria’s second centenary, will do so as a united, prosperous and politically stable nation which is truly the pride and glory of Africa and the entire black race.

27. The key to the fulfilment of that vision is our continued unity as a nation. Perhaps one of the most amazing stories of our political evolution in the last hundred years is that an ordinary child of ordinary parentage from a minority group has risen to occupy the highest office in our country.

28. As we march into the next hundred years, it is my hope that mine will no longer be an extra-ordinary story but an accepted reality of our democracy that every Nigerian child can pursue his or her dreams no matter how tall; that every Nigerian child can aspire to any position in our country, and will not be judged by the language that he speaks or by how he worships God; not by gender nor by class; but by his abilities and the power of his dreams.

29. I am proud and privileged to have been elected leader of Nigeria and I consider it my solemn responsibility to act in the best interest of the nation at all times.

30. Dear compatriots, in line with the thoughts of that great son of our continent, Nelson Mandela, let us not judge ourselves, and let not the world judge us by how many times we have stumbled, but by how strongly we have risen, every single time that we have faltered.

31. Even as we remain resolute in our conviction that our union is non-negotiable, we must never be afraid to embrace dialogue and strengthen the basis of this most cherished union. A strong nation is not that which shies away from those difficult questions of its existence, but that which confronts such questions, and together provides answers to them in a way that guarantees fairness, justice and equity for all stakeholders.

32. My call for the National Conference in this first year of our second century is to provide the platform to confront our challenges. I am confident that we shall rise from this conference with renewed courage and confidence to march through the next century and beyond, to overcome all obstacles on the path to the fulfillment of our globally acknowledged potential for greatness.

33. I have referred to national leaders who did so much to build our nation in the past hundred years but nation-building is not just a matter for great leaders and elites alone.

34. All Nigerians must be involved in this national endeavour. From the threads of our regional, ethnic and religious diversities we must continuously weave a vibrant collage of values that strengthen the Nigerian spirit.

35. The coming National Conference should not be about a few, privileged persons dictating the terms of debate but an opportunity for all Nigerians to take part in a comprehensive dialogue to further strengthen our union.

36. I am hopeful that the conference will not result in parochial bargaining between competing regions, ethnic, religious and other interest groups but in an objective dialogue about the way forward for our nation and how to ensure a more harmonious balance among our three tiers of government.

37. My dear compatriots, as we celebrate our centenary, the security situation in some of our North-Eastern States, sadly remains a major concern for us. Just yesterday, young students, full of hopes and dreams for a great future, were callously murdered as they slept in their college dormitories in Yobe State. I am deeply saddened by their deaths and that of other Nigerians at the hands of terrorists. Our hearts go out to their parents and relatives, colleagues and school authorities.

38. We will continue to do everything possible to permanently eradicate the scourge of terrorism and insurgency from our country. We recognise that the root cause of militancy, terrorism and insurgency is not the strength of extremist ideas but corrupted values and ignorance.

39. That is why our counter-terrorism strategy is not just about enforcing law and order as we have equipped our security forces to do. It also involves expanding economic opportunities, social inclusion, education and other measures that will help restore normalcy not just in the short term, but permanently.

40. I want to reassure Nigerians that terrorism, strife and insecurity in any part of Nigeria are abhorrent and unacceptable to us. I urge leaders throughout Nigeria to ensure that ethnicity and religion are not allowed to become political issues.

41. I hope and pray that one hundred years from now, Nigerians will look back on another century of achievements during which our union was strengthened, our independence was enhanced, our democracy was entrenched and our example was followed by leaders of other nations whose ambition is to emulate the success of Nigeria; a country that met its difficulties head-on and fulfilled its promise.

42. Finally, Dear Compatriots, as we enter a second century in the life of our nation, let us rededicate ourselves to doing more to empower the youth of our country. Our common heritage and future prosperity are best protected and guaranteed by them. We must commit our full energies and resources to empowering them to achieve our collective vision of greatness in this second century of our nationhood.

43. That is the task before our country; that is the cause I have chosen to champion and I believe we will triumph.

44. I wish all Nigerians happy Centenary celebrations.

45. Long live the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

46. I thank you.

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Adamawa Politics: Enter Boni, Exit Tukur

The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) crisis, which emanated from Adamawa state has cost Bamanga Tukur his seat as the national chairman of the party; forced Governor Murtala Nyako to defect to the opposition All Progressive Congress (APC); altered the political equation of the state and catapulted Boni Haruna’s political status to another level. These sudden political happenings at this crucial time of the politics of 2015 will bring unprecedented political re-alignments to the dynamics of Adamawa politics and the hitherto calculations of who gets what in the PDP, including its governorship ticket.

These political happenings will birth four political realignments. First, former Governor Boni Haruna will become the most senior politician from the state who has the ears of Abuja. Bamanga Tukur’s influence at the national level of PDP politics will dwindle, though he will still be seen as the man who led the rescue of the party from Nyako’s one-man siege. Atiku Abubakar, being a member of the APC now has to, and will definitely re-strategize. And new forces would emerge in Adamawa PDP.

The first impact of these four shifts will be on Governor Nyako’s political moves. Since a state governor cannot be underrated in the politics of his state, Nyako would ensure his firm and absolute control on the APC. After all, his opponents have always equated to him to someone who relishes the politics of acquiring everything for himself to the detriment of all inclusive politics.

The exit of Bamanga as PDP national chairman would shake-off people who relied solely on Bamanga’s position to have a say in the party. Thus, Tukur’s exit would pave the way for some people to attempt to win control and relevance in the party. Those eyeing the PDP governorship and other elective position tickets would also have to re-strategize in accordance with new direction. All eyes would be on the rumoured Awwal Tukur’s governorship ambition. Furthermore, for not having the national chairman from its house, Adamawa PDP executive may lose some ‘national office’ benefits it formerly enjoyed.

Atiku Abubakar would definitely re-strategize because the state executive of his new party -APC has already been shared among its stakeholders – the deal was sealed before Atiku joined the APC. Furthermore, a good number of Atiku’s supporters are still scattered between the PDP and Peoples’ Democratic Movement (PDM). Additionally, the politics of his home-state has taken a new course. For instance, Boni Haruna who almost sacrificed his political life for loyalty to him, with them eventually parting ways; has emerged as a federal minister. And he now has the ears of the President, thus automatically becomes the leader of the PDP in Adamawa state.

The opposition-APC would also be affected by these realignments. Just like in 2013, when Boni returned to the PDP prior to the 18th May 2013 Mayo Belwa constituency bye election for the State House of Assembly. ACN came a distanced third with only 1,200 votes as against PDP’s 12,040. And ACN until then had enjoyed strong support in that area. The APC now has a mountain to climb to avoid similar situation. The APC could leverage from former ACN’s robust coordination and understanding of the politics of Adamawa, but unluckily for them – most of former ACN stalwarts are Boni’s former political appointees and associates and virtually all of them have moved to the PDP.

One of the most important political events that would shape 2015 politics in Adamawa is Boni’s emergence as a federal minister; it will greatly alter the political calculations and the leadership of the PDP in the state. Since leaving office seven years ago, former Governor Boni has been able to attract a good number of diehard followers and maintain constant political relevance within Adamawa politics. One major secret that has helped him in this regard is his style of all representative governance, when he was governor. And when it comes to gearing towards 2015 political battle, Jonathan seems to have made a smart decision; Boni will be a great weapon for him in Adamawa State.

Zayyad I. Muhammad, writes fro Jimeta, Adamawa State,, 08036070980

Saturday, February 1, 2014

Atiku and Ten Disadvantages of Joining APC

1. When the leaders of the former ACN, CPC and ANPP decided to merge to form the APC; they must have agreed on some certain conditions and terms- Atiku was not a party.

2. Bola Tinubu represents ACN, Buhari- CPC, SAS and Co represent ANPP, while the G5 and other Governors lead their states- if Atiku decides to join the APC, he will be a commander without troops. 

3. If Atiku join the APC – it will be his third political party since 2007: PDP, AC, and APC. The questions of inconsistency will popup. 

4. Going round states to seek supporters’ opinion- many supporters of Atiku are highly not comfortable with that decision- Atiku’s status is beyond that- leaders should lead.

5. Atiku’s home state politics and APC- the Exco of APC in Adamawa has already been shared among its stakeholders- the deal is sealed; if Atiku joins the APC, he would have little or no say in the party in his home state.

6. Most of Atiku’s supporters are scattered within the PDP and PDM- his supporters will be mere onlookers in the APC.

7. APC’s invitation to Atiku- was it not an after-thought? Atiku was the last person the APC leaders visited.

8. APC’s presidential tickets would be embroiled with too many interests.

9. Atiku is a founding member of the PDP; what would be his position in the APC?

10. Getting too late- few months to party primaries; Atiku a potential presidential candidate is yet to settle on one solid party platform.

Zayyad I. Muhammad, writes from Jimeta,, 08036070980